Anti-coagulants are defined as a substance that hinders the clotting of blood. These medications are sometimes called blood thinners. Anticoagulants are available in the three forms: intravenous, injections under the skin, and pills. Anticoagulants can be used to treat or prevent several medical conditions. Some of the common conditions are: Blood Clot in a vein such as DVT or phlebitis, blood clot in the lung, blood clot in an artery in the brain such as stroke or TIA, abnormal heart rhythm, blockage of an artery in the heart which can cause a heart attack, heart valve replacement, and total joint replacement. When taking coagulants, it is important to keep in mind the body’s needs. General information to keep in mind are to maintain the same diet unless instructed otherwise by a licensed medical professional, avoid binge eating and crash diets, consult a doctor regarding diet changes, consult a doctor before taking any new vitamins, mineral supplements, or medications, track and maintain how much vitamin K is consumed because it may have an effect on the medication, do not consume alcohol while taking anticoagulants because it may alter how they work and the body’s overall performance, avoid taking medications containing aspirin unless instructed otherwise by a doctor, if a dose of medication is missed try to take it as soon as possible, no more than 24 hours after the missed dosage, if multiple dosages are missed contact a doctor, and finally inform all healthcare providers and dentists during the use of anticoagulants. Safety precautions when taking anticoagulants include never going barefoot, taking medication at the same time each day in order to create a consistent medication routine, do not alter the dosage in any way unless instructed by a doctor, be careful when handling sharp objects, use an electric razor, wear glove when performing tasks such as gardening, and use proper finger and toe nail care at all times when taking anticoagulants. Some health conditions increase the risk of injury when taking anticoagulants such as dementia, Parkinson’s disease strokes, arthritis, vertigo, osteoporosis, hypertension, and hypotension. Consult a doctor or healthcare doctor if bleeding from the nose or a cut that does not stop within 5-10 minutes, increased bleeding from gums or teeth with brushing, blood seen with coughing or vomiting, increased bleeding during menstrual periods or unexpected vaginal bleeding, urine dark brown or red in color, bowel movements which are black or red, or difficulty breathing at rest or with mild activity, dizziness or prolonged headaches. Side effects of anticoagulants include diarrhea or constipation, indigestion, dizziness, headaches, rashes, itchy skin, hair loss, jaundice, sudden severe back pain, severe bruising, nausea, vomiting, hives, swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat, stomach pain, upset stomach, and sweating. Common anticoagulant medications are apixaban, dabigatran, heparin, rivaroxaban, and warfarin. For women, if pregnant, breast feeding, or trying to get pregnant, while anticoagulants are not known to be harmful the baby, talk with a doctor before deciding to take this medication. The doctor will decide what medications are right for the health of both mother and child.